• You are here:
  • Home >
  • About Bhutan


About Bhutan

It is believed that Bhutan was inhabited as early as 2000 B.C. due to the presence of early stone implements discovered in the region.

The country was originally known by many names including Lho Jong, ‘The Valleys of the South’, Lho Mon Kha Shi, ‘The Southern Mon Country of Four Approaches’, Lho Jong Men Jong, ‘The Southern Valleys of Medicinal Herbs and Lho Mon Tsenden Jong, ‘The Southern Mon Valleys where Sandlewood Grows’. Mon was a term used by the Tibetans to refer to Mongoloid, non-Buddhist peoples that populated the Southern Himalayas.

The country came to be known as Druk Yul or The Land of the Drukpas sometime in the 17th century. The name refers to the Drukpa sect of Buddhism that has been the dominant religion in the region since that period.

Initially Bonism was the dominant religion in the region that would come to be known as Bhutan. Buddhism was introduced in the 7th century by the Tibetan King Songtsen Gampo and further strengthened by the arrival of Guru Rimpoche, a Buddhist Master that is widely considered to be the Second Buddha.

(text curtsy : Tourism Council of Bhutan)

What type of government does Bhutan have?
Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy. The King ratified Bhutan’s first constitution in July 2008.

What is Druk Yul?
Druk Yul is the Bhutanese name for Bhutan, meaning “Land of the Thunder Dragon.

Where is Bhutan located?
Bhutan is located in southern Asia between India and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Bhutan is landlocked, meaning it does not border any significant body of water, and is situated in the eastern Himalayas.

How big is Bhutan?
Bhutan covers about 38,816 square kilometers of land.

What is the population of Bhutan?
Bhutan’s population is estimated at around 700,000.

What is the capital of Bhutan?
Bhutan’s capital is Thimphu, a city in western Bhutan in the Thimphu district. Thimphu has been Bhutan’s capital since 1961, though it was selected as the capital in 1952.

What are the main ethnic groups in Bhutan?
Ngalop, the ethnic group of northern Bhutan, make up about half of the population. Nepalese, including the Lhotshampa people and indigenous or migrant tribes make up the rest.

What religions are practiced in Bhutan?
Forms of Buddhism are the most widely practiced religions in Bhutan, practiced by approximately 75% of the population. The other quarter of the population of Bhutan practices Nepalese Hinduism, with a small minority of people who are Christian, nonreligious, or practice solely Bön, an ancient indigenous religion.